Yardley says that Manmohan Singh's government (which was reelected in the spring (my post is here)) is now challenged with creating a second "green revolution." India's first green revolution occurred in the 1960's, when high-yield seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation led to significant increases in grain output.
In the second green revolution, a major focus will need to be on preserving groundwater supplies. It sounds as though India -- like many parts of the world -- will need to focus more energy and money on the water issue in the coming years.
-----The photograph is from the Times story and is by Keith Bedford.